In the violent protests after Friday prayers, 19 people were killed in
France and other European governments took steps to forestall protests by their own Muslim minorities. In Paris, some Muslim leaders urged their follows to heed a government ban on weekend demonstrations, after the government ordered a zero-tolerance crackdown on violators of the ban. In Tunisia, the authorities outlawed all demonstrations. US diplomatic missions in India, Indonesia and other Islamist capitals were closed for the day. Germany closed its embassy in Cairo.