DEBKAfile Exclusive Analysis February 2, 2011, 1:51 PM (GMT+02:00)
Skillful choreography, not just spontaneous popular dissent, brought Hosni Mubarak's 30 years as president to an end Tuesday night, Feb. 2. In fact, the hands of the United States, Britain and Egyptian army heads were plain to see at every stage.The axing of Maj. Gen. Yoav Galant as Israel's next chief of staff – on the same day - was contrived too. Maj. Gen. Gaby Ashkenazi has been building momentum to challenge Binyamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak as a future political leader.
DEBKAfile Special Report February 1, 2011, 11:41 PM (GMT+02:00)
In a speech to the nation Tuesday night, Feb. 1, President Hosni Mubarak defied the demands of President Barack Obama and his army generals to quit at once and leave Egypt and said he would serve out his term until September and not run again. He also swore to die in Egypt – meaning no exile for him. Mubarak said he would devote his remaining months to the peaceful transition of power. But his role was over.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report February 1, 2011, 1:31 PM (GMT+02:00)
Certain opposition groups, backed by retired army and security forces officers, are planning to take over a key delta city, proclaim it liberated territory and establish a "Free Egypt" government, debkafile's Middle East sources reported Tuesday, Feb. 1. The masses flooding central Cairo for the March of Millions are making for the presidential palace in their biggest protest demonstration in eight days. Their leaders are in dialogue with army chiefs on a separate anti-governmental track.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report February 1, 2011, 1:02 PM (GMT+02:00)
In its latest issue out Friday, DEBKA-Net-Weekly goes behind the scenes of the Egyptian uprising to discover what the prime movers are after now. Hosni Mubarak, the object of popular rage, was the first to recover his wits and is trying to keep his regime afloat. President Barack Obama publicly sided with the protesters' cause, but is secretly helping the army play for time and keep Mubarak going for the interim. Israel has joined the effort.
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DEBKAfile Exclusive Analysis February 1, 2011, 12:11 AM (GMT+02:00)
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Monday, Jan 31 he feared Egypt could end up with a radical Islamic regime as in Iran that would go against the region's interests for peace and stability.He also made the gesture of allowing the first Egyptian military troops to enter Sinai since the military since the 1979 peace treaty.
Netanyahu's first reactions to events in Egypt did not represent a far-sighted assessment of the fast-moving Egyptian epic but resistance to change.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 31, 2011, 1:24 PM (GMT+02:00)
Egyptian reinforcements reached northern Sinai Monday, Jan. 31 to hunt down Hamas gunmen from the Gaza Strip battling Egyptian forces for control of the territory. debkafile's sources report that the gunmen of Hamas's armed wing, Ezz e-Din al Qassam, opened a second, Palestinian, front against the Mubarak regime on orders from Hamas' parent organization, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, confirmed by its bosses in Damascus. The Muslim Brotherhood is therefore more aggressively involved in the uprising than it would seem.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 30, 2011, 11:20 PM (GMT+02:00)
The popular uprising against the Egyptian regime reached a standoff at the end of its sixth day, Sunday night, Jan. 30: President Hosni Mubarak made it clear to the armed forces chiefs whom he met at military headquarters that he has no intention of bowing to the massive popular demand to resign, or heed US and international calls for an "orderly transition of power."
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 30, 2011, 5:58 PM (GMT+02:00)
The Mubarak regime sent two F-16 fighter jets and helicopters in repeated low-flying passes over the thousands of protesters massed in Cairo's Tahrir Square Sunday, Jan. 30, the sixth day of the anti-government protest. This latest, most dramatic attempt to break up the anti-government protest only added to the rage of the crowd who refused to disperse and called for Mubarak and his new Vice President, Gen. Omar Suleiman to go right now.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Analysis January 29, 2011, 11:56 PM (GMT+02:00)
Egypt, one of the only two Arab states to sign peace with Israel, is wobbling dangerously on the brink of revolutionary change. This week, Israel was dismayed to find itself looking suddenly at three latently hostile fronts about to spring up around its borders: After Lebanon was dropped into the Iranian orbit, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood gained altitude, and Hamas, its Palestinian offshoot in Gaza, is making hay, puffing itself up as an important new Middle East player.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 29, 2011, 3:49 PM (GMT+02:00)
Persistent claims were heard Saturday, Jan. 29 in various Egyptian and informed western circles that the popular uprising against president Hosni Mubarak, still going strong on its fifth day, was secretly prepared three years ago in Washington during the Bush administration. Saturday morning, people rage gathered steam across Egypt from Mubarak's refusal to step down. Law and order is breaking down in Cairo. At least 100 were dead and 2,000 injured by afternoon as police fired live ammo.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 29, 2011, 2:31 AM (GMT+02:00)
In his first public appearance in four days of violent protests against his rule, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said after midnight Friday, Jan. 28, he would not resign. He had sacked his cabinet, would form a new one Saturday and promised democratic reforms. President Obama then called him to tell him he must deliver on reforms and give up violence. Mubarak's speech showed he had bowed to US terms for his survival and defied the protesters' demands for his resignation.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 28, 2011, 11:14 PM (GMT+02:00)
The possibility of the military taking control of the regime on the back of the popular uprising to end Hosni Mubarak's 30-year rule was actively discussed Friday night, Jan. 28, after security forces failed to control anti-government riots for four days. Protesters in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez ignored the nationwide curfew imposed until 0700 Saturday and the soldiers who were called in to enforce it held their fire. Protesters overturning and burning security forces vehicles welcomed the military APCs.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 27, 2011, 10:47 PM (GMT+02:00)
The Mubarak regime was badly shaken Thursday night, Jan. 27, when Egypt's most powerful opposition movement, the Muslim Brotherhood, ordered its teeming membership to join the protest movement raging in Cairo and other cities since Tuesday after Friday (Jan. 28) prayers. With many millions about to join the demonstrations, the president has little choice but to order the army in - without being entirely certain that it will obey orders to crack down on disorder.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 27, 2011, 10:11 PM (GMT+02:00)
Egyptian authorities wait anxiously to see if the millions of Muslims attending the mosques Friday join the anti-government demonstrations rocking the cities since Tuesday or stay on the fence. Field Marshall Tantawi returned home empty-handed from Washington where he asked for American backing for Mubarak's friendly regime.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 26, 2011, 6:55 PM (GMT+02:00)
Hundreds of opposition activists were arrested by Egyptian security forces in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez Wednesday in an attempt to quell the stormy anti-government demonstrations which began sweeping Egyptian cities Tuesday, Jan. 25, before they get out of hand. After nightfall, hundreds braved the ban on street protests and gatherings and took to the streets of Cairo and Suez. Cairo reports 500 arrests, while debkafile's Middle East say the figure is closer to 1,000, including journalists.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 21, 2011, 1:10 AM (GMT+02:00)
The high jobless rate among educated young Saudis is the greatest peril to the throne. The class most likely to cause trouble is that of young educated Saudis who are bitterly frustrated by the dearth of jobs for high school and university graduates.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 14, 2011, 7:40 PM (GMT+02:00)
Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali has been overthrown in a military coup. Friday, Jan. 14 he fled his riot-stricken country in the middle of his fifth term as president, handing interim authority to Prime Minister Mohammad Ghannoushi. debkafile's sources report the real power in the land is the army.
Arab regimes were dismayed by the fall of the Tunisian president, the first Arab ruler to be overthrown by street demonstrations making way for a military coup. Tourists are being evacuated and European flights to Tunis cancelled.
DEBKAfile Special Report January 2, 2011, 11:45 AM (GMT+02:00)
The suicide attack on the Coptic Saints Church in Alexandria, northern Egypt, which left 21 dead and 79 injured after New Year's mass, was carried out by a local Egyptian Islamic Jihad extremist, debkafile's counter-terror sources report. In calling for national unity, President Hosni Mubarak stepped away from blaming Al Qaeda, which has been massacring Iraqi Christians. But he also glossed over homegrown terror by calling the attack "a foreign assault."
DEBKAfile Exclusive Analysis December 25, 2010, 10:06 AM (GMT+02:00)
A secret meeting in Tel Aviv on Dec. 16 between the high-ranking Russian emissary Mikhail Margelov and representatives of the South Sudanese semi-autonomous government so infuriated Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak that he ordered his intelligence minister Gen. Omar Suleiman to hit back by accusing Israel of recruiting Egyptian agents as spies. Cairo fears upheavals following Jan. 9 referenda in oil-rich South Sudan and Abyei will prejudice its control of Nile waters.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report December 23, 2010, 11:25 PM (GMT+02:00)
Egypt's Hosni Mubarak and Libya's Muammar Qaddafi both visited Khartoum ahead of the January 9 self-determination referenda in oil-rich South Sudan and the province of Abyei. But Mubarak cares more about keeping his control of Nile waters intact, whereas Qaddafi's concerns focus on a rich fuel resource falling under ...