DEBKAfile Exclusive Report March 14, 2009
The summit conference planned in Riyadh for Wednesday, March 11, between the rulers of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria and Kuwait may be the Obama administration's first Middle East breakthrough, according to debkafile's Washington and Middle East sources.
They hope it will usher in a parting of the ways between Syria and Iran as a result of their overtures to Damascus and signal Syrian ruler Bashar Assad's reacceptance by the moderate Arab camp.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report March 10, 2009
Syrian president Bashar Assad has ordered 40 intelligence and army officers arrested and replaced by men personally loyal to him in preparation for planned moves to recover his grip on Lebanon, debkafile's sources in Washington and Beirut disclose. The Obama administration warned the Syrian ruler to desist from his maneuverings to orchestrate a victory for Hizballah and its allies in Lebanon's July 7 elections.
In picture: State Department's Jeffrey Feltman carries hands-off Lebanon warning to Assad.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report March 3, 2009
Washington and Jerusalem are bracing for a flare-up on the Syrian and Lebanese borders with Israel as the international tribunal prosecuting Rafiq Hariri's assassins starts sittings Sunday, March 1.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has engineered a delay by insisting on tight security measures for the court. But Washington has refused to postpone its hearings which Syrian president Bashar Assad sees as a ticking bomb for his regime. He may therefore retaliate.
Read more in debkafile's Exclusive Report below.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report December 13, 2008
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As part of the incipient thaw in US relations with Damascus, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has relayed a friendly message to Hamas political leader Khalid Meshaal through Syrian foreign minister Walid Muallem's aides.
The message, described by Moussa Abu Marzouk, one of the heads of Hamas' Damascus headquarters, as a "verbal communication." was received as four Syrian divisions completed their deployment on Lebanon's borders last week (see exclusive map). In the message, Rice praised the Palestinian terrorist group for halting its missile fire into Israel.
DEBKA-Net-Weekly 369 of Oct. 24 exposed the complete deployment - from the Syrian 4th Division along Lebanon's northern border and the 10th, 12th and 14th Divisions on Lebanon's eastern frontier opposite the Hermil mountains and the Beqaa Valley, and down to the Hermon Mountains facing South Lebanon and northern Israel.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report December 11, 2008
In the face of Damascus' refusal to allow UN inspectors access to three suspect "research laboratories, Western agents recently carried out a daring covert operation to collect water samples from the Orontes river in Syria where it drains into the Mediterranean, debkafile's intelligence sources reveal. Their discoveries, confirmed Syria had gone back to the plutonium project Israeli cut short in September 2007.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report December 8, 2008
debkafile's military sources report that a large-scale arms deal for Syria, paid for by Iran, is in advanced negotiation in Moscow and Damascus. It includes fighter-bombers and an assortment of anti-air, anti-missile and anti-tank missiles, as well as substantial upgrades of Syria's antiquated Russian tanks.
Our sources disclose that the S-300PMU-2 and Iskander-E are still on the list under discussion. In the broader context of its contest with Washington, the Kremlin regards the American FBX-T anti-missile radar system installed in the Negev in September to be an integral part of the US missile shield deployed in the face of Russian protests in Poland and the Czech Republic.
The advanced missiles to Syria would be part of its payback.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 24, 2008
The final report of the International Atomic Energy Agency Wednesday, Nov. 19, says the Syrian complex bombed by Israel 14 months ago bore features resembling those of an undeclared nuclear reactor. "Significant" amounts of man-made uranium particles were found in situ.
debkafile's military sources stress that the IAEA report attests to one of the most formidable feats of Israel's Mossad in conjunction with the CIA.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 15, 2008
Syrian president Bashar Assad has drawn encouragement to go ahead with a drive to recover his grip on Lebanon from signals coming in from Barack Obama's team and from the peace overtures of Israeli transitional prime minister Ehud Olmert, debkafile's Beirut sources report.
The Syrian president has concocted an improbable disinformation cocktail to discredit the Lebanese majority leader Saad Hariri and oust the pro-western government.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 15, 2008
A senior Vienna-based diplomat reported Monday, Nov. 10, that the latest findings are significant enough for the nuclear watchdog to place Syria right after North Korea and Iran on its agenda for further investigation.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 10, 2008
Lebanese sources and eye witnesses report Syrian tanks, artillery and commando units have taken up battle positions in four villages around Hasbaya opposite Mt. Hermon and northern Israel.
According to debkafile's military sources, Syrian tanks and artillery units continued to move into their new positions Sunday and Monday, Nov. 2-3.
Senior IDF officers are perplexed by the Israeli government's failure to pursue deterrent action against the Syrian tanks poised in battle array on its border.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 4, 2008
Diplomats in Vienna said Tuesday, Oct. 28, that freshly evaluated soil and air samples provide enough evidence to warrant a follow-up probe by the UN nuclear watchdog at the suspected Syrian nuclear site at El Kibar bombed by Israel in September 2007.
debkafile's military sources reported exclusively on Oct. 4 that Syria had resumed its nuclear program.
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DEBKAfile Exclusive Report November 1, 2008
debkafile's Middle East sources report that Damascus and the Lebanese Hizballah have alerted their forces to a possible Israeli strike against Hizballah's arms smuggling routes, supply sources, and stocks, using as a precedent the US cross-border raid which killed eight people at an al Qaeda base in northern Syria Sunday, Oct. 26.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 29, 2008
Two days after Sunday's US helicopter-borne commando raid at Abu Kemal inside northern Syria, the Damascus government ordered the American cultural and school shut down and proteste to the UN Secretary General and Security Council Chairman. Baghdad which at first supported the US action has denounced it under pressure from Tehran.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 28, 2008
Speaking to reporters in London, Syrian foreign minister Walid Muallem accused the United States of carrying out "criminal terrorist aggression" in its helicopter-borne raid of an alleged al Qaeda haven in northern Syria Sunday, Oct. 27. He declared: "If attacked again, we will defend our territory." Iraq too must answer questions.
Earlier, Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh Monday, Oct. 27, described the Syria site attacked the day before as the scene of activities of "terrorist groups operating from Syria against Iraq."
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 26, 2008
Eye witnesses are quoted by Syrian state TV as describing four US helicopters striking a house in Al-Sukkariya near the Iraqi border killing 9 people and injuring four. Two landed and 8 US soldiers disembarked for the attack before the helicopters took off with all the troops aboard. The targets were reportedly Islamic extremists, al Qaeda. There has been no US comment on the incident. If confirmed, it would be the first time that US forces had operated on Syrian soil.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 18, 2008
debkafile's military sources disclose that Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps have created a separate missile command, in which Syria's missile force is to be integrated. The joint command was formalized in a new mutual defense treaty signed by the Syrian defense minister, Gen. Hassan Turkmani in Tehran last week.
Israeli military sources judge the operational merger of Iranian and Syrian missile corps to be a major strategic hazard to the Jewish state.
Western and Israeli military experts connect it with other indications that Iran's program for developing missiles capable of delivering nuclear payloads has gone into high gear and reached an advanced stage. They believe the Iranians have beaten most of the technical difficulties holding it up.
On May 26, the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, which often goes easy on Iran, released a harsh report confirming Iran's progress in "missile warhead design."
Military experts comment that Tehran's centralized control of four hostile missile fronts will virtually neutralize the American and Israeli anti-missile defense systems in the region.
In a related development, debkafile's Gulf sources report that next week, Iran's supreme ruler Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Syrian president Bashar Assad launch a major campaign to further isolate American influence and bludgeon moderate Arab governments into alignment with their extreme anti-US, anti-Israel line.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 14, 2008
After Syria moved tank units up to the Lebanese Beqaa Valley border Tuesday, Oct. 7, Israel raised the alert level on its borders with Syria and Lebanon and placed its Air Force and emergency first aid teams on standby in the event of Syrian or/and Hizballah attacks. Israeli embassies and Jewish institutions worldwide are also on high terror alert. Hizballah's leader Hassan Nasrallah said recently that his promised retaliation for the death of Imad Mughniyeh "is coming."
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 9, 2008
The melee erupted between Syrian special forces and suicide fighters of the Palestinian radical Fatah al-Islam in the Yarmoukh refugee camp in South Damascus. According to debkafile's counter-terror sources, it was prompted by the arrest in Syria some weeks ago of the Palestinian group's leader Shaker al Abassi, who is associated with al Qaeda in Iraq.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 6, 2008
Washington accompanied this warning to Damascus, debkafile has learned, with its first explicit threat of military intervention to aid Lebanon should Syria go through with its planned incursion of the North.
debkafile first revealed the concentration of 10,000 Syrian troops on the Lebanese border on Sept. 20 and again on Sept. 27.
The warning, according to our sources, was delivered on Sept. 28 by secretary of state Condoleezza Rice to the Syrian foreign minister Walid Mualem.
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report October 5, 2008
debkafile's intelligence sources report that the nuclear scientists and technicians who were to have been employed at the destroyed Syrian reactor there have been hired for new projects. This time the installations are scattered in different parts of the country. North Korean nuclear experts are back too.