The Polish upper house passed by 57 votes to 23 and two abstentions the bill making it illegal to accuse Poles of complicity in the Nazi Holocaust against fines or a maximum three-year jail sentence. It also prohibits describing Nazi death camps in Poland, where three million Jews perished, as Polish. The measure has caused a rift with Israel, which accuses Poland of attempting to change history. The US also asked the Polish government to rethink the measure, lest it undermine free speech in Poland and cause further diplomatic controversy. The bill must be signed by the president before becoming law.